West Michigan High Performance Computing Symposium

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Merit Network Last Mile Fiber By many means necessary…Jim Moran Outreach Coordinator jimmoran@merit.edu

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Slide * Merit Network Overview... Founded 1966 The Michigan Education Research Information Triad (MERIT) formed in 1966 because “significant benefits might be gained from sharing computing resources via an electronic linkage…” A non-profit, 501(c)3 corporation governed by Michigan’s state universities NSFNET backbone; joint project with IBM, and MCI, 1988-1992 Expanded beyond governing members, 1990’s MichNet Statewide Dial-in Network, 1992-2007 Among the first GigaPOPs, 1999 Facilities-based network, 2000+

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Slide * Merit Network Overview... A non-profit, 501(c)3 corporation governed by Michigan’s state universities

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Slide * Merit Network Overview... A non-profit, 501(c)3 corporation governed by Michigan’s state universities; among the 53%

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Slide * Merit Network Overview... A non-profit, 501(c)3 corporation governed by Michigan’s state universities; among the 53% No state subsidies

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Slide * Merit Network Overview... A non-profit, 501(c)3 corporation governed by Michigan’s state universities; among the 53% No state subsidies No mandate for state educational organizations to connect through Merit

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Slide * Merit Network Overview... A non-profit, 501(c)3 corporation governed by Michigan’s state universities; among the 53% No state subsidies No mandate for state educational organizations to connect through Merit Operate on a for-fee basis; compete with commercial ISPs

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Slide * Merit Network Overview... A non-profit, 501(c)3 corporation governed by Michigan’s state universities; among the 53% No state subsidies No mandate for state educational organizations to connect through Merit Operate on a for-fee basis; compete with commercial ISPs; eligible E-Rate provider

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Slide * Merit Network Overview... A non-profit, 501(c)3 corporation governed by Michigan’s state universities; among the 53% No state subsidies No mandate for state educational organizations to connect through Merit Operate on a for-fee basis; compete with commercial ISPs; eligible E-Rate provider Market share 12 0f 13 state universities 75% other highered orgs ~50% K12s Libraries, government, health care

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Slide * Relevant Michigan Telecom Law... Sec. 307. (1) Educational institutions shall have the authority to own, construct, and operate a telecommunication system or to purchase telecommunication services or facilities from an entity capable of providing the service or facility. (6) Except for a state institution of higher education, if an educational institution has excess capacity, it may sell the excess capacity subject to subsection (3) and to all of the following: (a) The amount of capacity sold shall not exceed 25% of the institution’s total capacity. (b) The capacity shall not be sold below the total service long run incremental cost of the provider of basic local exchange service in the service area of the educational institution. If there is more than 1 provider in the service area, the educational institution shall use the lowest total service long run incremental cost.

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Slide * Relevant Michigan Telecom Law... Sec. 307. (1) Educational institutions shall have the authority to own, construct, and operate a telecommunication system or to purchase telecommunication services or facilities from an entity capable of providing the service or facility. (6) Except for a state institution of higher education, if an educational institution has excess capacity, it may sell the excess capacity subject to subsection (3) and to all of the following: (a) The amount of capacity sold shall not exceed 25% of the institution’s total capacity. (b) The capacity shall not be sold below the total service long run incremental cost of the provider of basic local exchange service in the service area of the educational institution. If there is more than 1 provider in the service area, the educational institution shall use the lowest total service long run incremental cost.

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Slide * Facilities-based Backbone Network Initiative

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Slide * Facilities-based Backbone Network Initiative

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Slide * Facilities-based Backbone Network InitiativeGOVERNING MEMBERS ONLY

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Slide * Extending the Facilities-based Network…

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Slide * Extending the Facilities-based Network… Leverage K12 Fiber Leverage governing member infrastructure Leverage the backbone infrastructure “Finance” required lateral construction

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Slide * Leveraging K12 Fiber…

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Slide * Leveraging K12 Fiber...K12s too found cost control & extensibility in facilities-based, self-provisioned networks within county intermediate units and large districts; physical plants contained within districts Merit IRU’d/leased “excess capacity” and integrated into backbone Collaboration/partnership with these K12s strengthened relationships Provided opportunity to lease capacity within districts to reach other members

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Slide * Leveraging K12 Fiber... Muskegon ISD Baker College Muskegon Muskegon Community College WAN site for GVSU Jackson ISD Jackson Community College Foote Hospital Spring Arbor UniversityCalhoun ISD Kellogg Community College Albion College Olivet College Willard Public Library Battle CreekGenesee ISD Mott Community College Baker College Flint Kettering University University of Michigan Flint

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Slide * Leveraging K12 Fiber...Ottawa ISD Davenport University Holland Hope CollegeWashtenaw ISD Washtenaw Community College Eastern Michigan UniversityGratiot-Isabella ISD (MMNET) Alma College Montcalm Community College Montcalm ISD Mid-Michigan MedicalShiawassee ISD Baker College OwossoSouthfield Public Schools Lawrence Technological UniversitySaginaw Public Schools Davenport University Saginaw

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Slide * Leveraging governing member infrastructure...Wayne State University (fiber) University Prep Charter SchoolNorthern Michigan University (wireless) Gwinn Community SchoolsWayne State University (wireless) Baker College Allen Park University of Detroit Mercy, Internet and WAN Marygrove College

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Slide * Leveraging the backbone...Metro Detroit Ring College for Creative Studies Detroit Community High School ORION linkSouthfield-Oakland University-Flint Baker College Auburn Hills MSU Management TroyMetro Grand Rapids Ring Grand Rapids Public Schols Aquinas CollegeMetro Lansing Ring Grand Rapids Public Schols Aquinas CollegeO A D MMetro Ringmember site

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Slide * Financing lateral construction...One-time capital expense (i.e., Baker) Merit “financing” from strategic loan fund Framing cost in terms of annual access fees (comparable to lease-line fees) USF eligibility and cost reduction after contract term

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Slide * Facilities-based connections Enable…. higher-bandwidth, lower-cost WAN connections for multiple, geographically distant campuses

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Slide * Facilities-based connections Enable…. higher-bandwidth, lower-cost WAN connections for multiple, geographically distant campuses

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Slide * Facilities-based connections Enable…. higher-bandwidth, lower-cost WAN connections for multiple, geographically distant campuses distance education among Merit members

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Last Updated: 8th March 2018

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