Virtual communities, networks and virtual subjectivity

23 slides
0.45 MB
387 views

Similar Presentations

Presentation Transcript

1

Virtual communities, networks and virtual subjectivityPaola Sartoretto Media, Technology and Culture Karlstad University, Spring term 2010

2
3
4
5
6

CommunityCollections of people with a particular social structure Sense of belonging or community spirit Geographical location Penguin Dictionary of Sociology

7

Conteporary notion of communitySense of identity and belonging Common interests Mental constructs, formed by imagined boundaries between groups Penguin Dictionary of Sociolgy

8

Virtual communitiesWhat has contributed to the development of the concept of community? Can we say that internet has made possible for communities to exist despite space and geographical borders?

9

NetworkComplex, interconnected group or system Centre-periphery relation has a lesser importance

10

SubjectivitySelf-conscious awareness Socially constructed – not innate or part of the human nature (Marxism, structuralism) Overlaps with identity

11

Social uses of technologyHow do we use it? Media content – changes, adaptations Impacts on societies and communities

12

Internet and SocializationIsolation vs. New paterns of socialization (Castells) Diluted geographic borders and territoriality Fake identities Role playing Escapism Culture dominated by virtual reality

13

Limited debatePreceded the diffusion of the internet Absence of a substantial body of research on the uses of the internet Simplistic and misleading questions

14

Social reality of the internetInstrumental use, closely connected with work, family and everyday life Role-playing and identity building are a very smal proportion of internet-based sociability. Internet is an extension of life as it is.

15

Social reality of the internetSocial interaction on the internet does not seem to have an effect on the patterning of everyday life. Adding on-line interaction to existent social relationships

16

Netville – 1998-9Positive effect between on-line and off-line sociability. Internet usage enhanced and maintained social ties and social involvement for most users.

17

Conflicting reportsNie and Erdring 2000 – declining person-to-person interaction, loss of social environment among heavy users Kraut et al. 1998 - Greater use of the internet associated with decline in communication with family members, decline in the size of the social circle, increase in depression and loneliness

18

Interpretations of the studiesWhy the discrepancy in the results? First-time users: frustration in dealing with the medium, effort. Loss of sociability – only most frequent uses of internet. Threshold of internet use

19

Transformation of sociabilitySpatially bound community vs. Internet enabled communities of choice Community life – urbanization Networks isntead of places as supports of sociability.

20

Comunities - NetworksCommunities – based on sharing of values and social organizationNetworks – choices and strategies

21

IndividualismEmergence of a new system of relationships centered on the individual Primary relationships (families and comunities) secondary relationships (associations) tertiary relationships (”personalized communities)

22

Networked individualismSocial patern Role of on-line social interaction in the social organization Stabilized on-line networks Development of communication hybrid

23

Winners and loosersCastells considers the individual as the winner in the networked individuallsm What are the costs for the society? How does networked individualism impact on social and political structures?

Browse More Presentations

Last Updated: 8th March 2018

Recommended PPTs