The facial features of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome are:

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Better Safe Than Sorry: PowerPoint Slides for Transparencies

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MATERNAL ALCOHOL ABUSE IS THE LEADING KNOWN CAUSE OF MENTAL RETARDATION IN THE WESTERN WORLD1

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The facial features of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome are:Small eyelid openings (palpebral fissures) Short, upturned nose Long upper lip (from nose to mouth) with a thin red border and a deficient central groove (philtrum) Reduced size of the head (microcephaly)2

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FASNORMAL3

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Visualization of the brain of a normal individual (A) and two with FAS (B,C) shows permanent loss of the tissue indicated by the arrows (portions of the corpus callosum).Images courtesy of Dr. S. Mattson4

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Narrow foreheadShort palpebral fissuresSmall noseSmall midface Long upper lip with deficient philtrumchild with FASnormalalcohol-exposedmouse fetuses The facial features of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome can be seen in both a child and a mouse fetus that were exposed to alcohol during development.5

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CELLS THAT SHOULD FORM MIDLINE STRUCTURES OF THE BRAIN AND FACE ARE KILLED BY ALCOHOLDeveloping brain and face HeartMouse embryo (viewed from the front) at a stage corresponding to a 22-23 day old human.A close-up view of an alcohol-exposed mouse embryo shows cells killed by alcohol that have taken up a dark blue stain. 6

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Health advisories urge women who are planning pregnancy or are pregnant not to drink alcohol.7

Last Updated: 8th March 2018