Royal Art as Political Message in Ancient Mesopotamia

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Royal Art as Political Message in Ancient MesopotamiaCatherine P. Foster UC Berkeley

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JordanIraqIranSyriaTurkeySaudi ArabiaArmenia and AzerbaijanEgyptIsraelLebanonMesopotamia: “land between the rivers”

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“Warka Stele/a” 80 cm in height

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“Warka Stele/a” 80 cm in height ‘Priest-King’

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“Victory Stele of Naram-Sin” 2 meters in height Originally erected in the ancient city of Sippar

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“Statues of Gudea” 2,100 BCE Emphasis was piety

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Temple Eninnu Ningirsu

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Old Babylonian Period 1700 BCE Hammurabi Ruled from Babylon

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“Code of Hammurabi” 2.5 meters in height Currently on display at the Louvre in Paris 282 sections Lex talionis = “Eye for an Eye”

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Shamash, god of Justice “Rod and ring” of kingship

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“Code of Hammurabi” 2.5 meters in height Currently on display at the Louvre in Paris 282 sections Lex talionis = “Eye for an Eye” “…to cause justice to prevail in the land, to destroy the wickedness and evil, that the strong may not oppress the weak”

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Neo-Assyrian Period 1000 – 750 BCE Expansion Orthostats

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“Lion Hunt” scenesAshurnasirpal II

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Ashurbanipal

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Ashurnasirpal II

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Sennacherib

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Tiglath-Pileser III

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Ashurbanipal

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Last Updated: 8th March 2018

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