OHS Risk Management - Overview

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OHS Risk Management - OverviewRisk management is a system that allows workplaces to identify OHS issues and to methodically control them by the best means possible. Risk management is iterative.


Hazard·  anything (including work practices and procedures) that has the potential to harm the health and safety of a person (OHS Regulations 2001) ·  a source of potential harm (AS/NZS 4360:2004)


Hazard IdentificationThe process of recognising that a hazard exists and defining its characteristics


Hazard IdentificationAnalysing the work environment to identify hazards: ·  Sourcing a tool (eg HAZPAK) ·  Examining task demands and task environment for impact on personnel to identify situations with a potential for injury or ill health


Hazard IdentificationExamine workforce structure, organisation of work and work relationships to identify situations with a potential for injury or ill health Examine work environment for agents with a potential for injury or ill health


Hazard IdentificationUnder legislation hazard identification is required: immediately prior to using premises for the first time as a place of work, and before and during the installation, erection, commissioning or alteration of plant in a place of work, and before changes to work practices and systems of work are introduced, and before hazardous substances are introduced into a place of work, and while work is being carried out, and when new or additional information from an authoritative source relevant to the health or safety of the employees of the employer becomes available Ref: Regulations Clause 9 (3) What procedures do you have in place to ensure this happens?


Risk·   anything (including work practices or procedures) that is likely/probably/may or could harm the health and safety of a person · the chance of something happening that will have an impact on objectives risk is measured in terms of a combination of the consequences of an event (how bad is it likely to be) and the likelihood of it happening (see HAZPAK matrix).


Risk Analysis·  The process of determining the level of risk created by the hazard ·  Systematic process to understand the nature of and to deduce the level of risk (AS/NZS 4360:2004)


Risk AssessmentOverall process of risk identification, risk analysis and risk evaluation (AS/NZS 4360:2004)


Elimination/Control of RiskWhere the risk cannot be eliminated (that is, the hazard cannot be removed), the legislation defines the specified order of controls: a)   substitute the hazard for one that gives rise to lesser risk (a less hazardous chemical) b)  isolate the hazard from the person at risk (install a shield) c)  minimise the risk by engineering means (fail safe switches) d)  minimise risk by administrative means (safe working practices) e)  Personal protective equipment (gloves, goggles) A combination of controls should be used if it will further reduce risk.


Monitor and ReviewHow do we ensure that controls are put into place? How do we maintain hazard identification and risk control processes?

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Last Updated: 8th March 2018

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