Jewish Feasts & Festivals

19 slides
0.91 MB

Similar Presentations

Presentation Transcript


Jewish Feasts & FestivalsSCTR 19 – “Religions of the Book” Prepared by Felix Just, S.J.


Hebrew Calendar: “Lunisolar”Twelve “months/moons” (alternating 30 or 29 days) Total 353, 354 or 355 days (cf. 365¼ solar days) or 383, 384, or 385 days in “Leap Years” Extra month (Adar II) added in Leap Years Years 3, 6, 8, 11, 14, 17 & 19 of each 19-year cycle So months remain in the same solar seasons: Tishri in Fall (Sept/Oct); Nissan in Spring (Mar/Apr), etc. Rosh Codesh (1st day each month) Specials Psalms; Women free from work


Months and Festivals/Holy Days


Shabbat (Sabbath)Weekly Day of Rest (“Observe” & “Remember”) Fri. before sunset to Sat. nightfall (ca. 25 hours) God "ceased work" on 7th day of creation (Gen 2:1-3) No work allowed (39 types of “work”; how strict?) Home/Family: 2 candles; 3 festive meals; wine/bread Shabbat Services Several different synagogue services (min. 10 men) Readings from Torah & Prophets (annual cycle) Prayers, Blessings, Sermon, etc. Lots of Psalms prayed/chanted


Major Jewish Feasts (Overview):Rosh Hashanah / Jewish New Year Yom Kippur / Day of Atonement Sukkot / Tabernacles/Booths Pesach / Passover Shavu'ot / Weeks/Pentecost Hanukkah / Feast of Lights Purim / Feast of Lots Simchat Torah / Rejoicing in the Torah Tisha B’Av / 9th of Av: Destruction of Two Temples


Pesach / Passover


Sukkoth / Tabernacles/Booths


Shavu'ot / Weeks/Pentecost


Interim Review: Three Ancient Pilgrimage FeastsMultiple Backgrounds for Each: Agricultural; Historical; Biblical events Passover (Pesach) Spring; Song of Songs Weeks/Pentecost (Shavu’ot) Summer; Book of Ruth Tabernacles/Booths (Sukkoth) Fall; Book of Ecclesiastes/Qoheleth


Rosh Hashanah / New Year


Yom Kippur / Day of Atonement


Feasts of the First Month (Tishri)High Holy Days / Sukkot / Simchat Torah


Hanukkah / Feast of Lights


Purim / Feast of Lots


Simchat Torah / Rejoicing Torah


Other Jewish FeastsTisha B’Av – “Ninth (Day) of (Month of) Av” Destruction of First & Second Temples of Jerusalem in 586 BCE (by Babylonians) and 70 CE (by Roman), respectively Synagogue Reading: Book of Lamentations Five Minor Fasts (1/2-day fasts) Fast of Gedalia (Tishri 3) - during High Holy Days Fast of Tevet (Tevet 10) - Siege of Jerusalem Began Fast of Esther (Adar 13) - day before Purim Fast of the Firstborn (Nisan 14) - day before Passover Fast of Tammuz (Tammuz 17) - Walls of Jerusalem Breached


National Holidays of State of IsraelYom HaShoah / "Day of the Shoah" (Nisan 27) Six million Jews killed in Holocaust & Resistance Heros Yom HaZikaron / "Memorial Day" (Iyar 4 or 3) Fallen soldiers and victims of terrorism Yom HaAtzma’ut / "Independence Day" (Iyar 5 or 4) Declaration of Independence in 1948 (moved up a day if Iyar 5 is a sabbath) Yom Yerushalayim / "Jerusalem Day" (Iyar 28) Capture/unification of all Jerusalem in 1967


Conclusion / Commonalities?Most Jewish Feasts Commemorate Major Historical Events: Most in Hebrew Bible; some post-biblical Some disasters/defeats; some victories/joys! Most Jewish Feasts are closely connected with the Hebrew Bible Biblical injunctions to celebrate a feast Biblical readings in synagogue services


Hebrew Calendar: Review

Browse More Presentations

Last Updated: 8th March 2018

Recommended PPTs