Child trafficking Invisible children
Seminar at Groningen University
May 8, 2014
By Günay Salazar Volkmann
Equity for Children/The New School Understanding
Child trafficking is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of children for the purpose of exploitation
UN Protocol to prevent, suppress and punish trafficking in persons, especially women and children (2000)
Between 600 - 800.000 people are trafficked cross borders every year
In total 27 million people held in slavery (Kevin Bales)
Around 50 % are under 18 years old
(US State Department report)
1.2 million girls and boys are trafficked internally and cross borders – every year. (ILO 2005).
1. Sexual exploitation mostly known (43 %) but difficult to trace due to hidden nature.
2. Forced labor is underreported (37%).
Domestic workers (mostly girls), agriculture, fishery, factories, begging, camel jockeys, drug dealing and child soldiers
3. Trafficking of boys has been underreported.
4. Internal “trafficking” often not counted as trafficking versus cross border trafficking.
Question: What types of trafficking do exist and why are children particularly vulnerable?