High-Performance Computing Challenges & Opportunities

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Indian Initiatives in A & R Networking, Grid Computing & Applications S. Ramakrishnan ramki@cdac.in Welcome06-Sept-2005Presentation to Internet2 & Worldbank*

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Presentation OutlineBackground Indian Initiatives ERNET IQNET PoC GARUDA International Participation Framework Opportunities & Expectations06-Sept-2005Presentation to Internet2 & Worldbank*

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Presentation OutlineBackground Indian Initiatives ERNET IQNET PoC GARUDA International Participation Framework Opportunities & Expectations06-Sept-2005Presentation to Internet2 & Worldbank*

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Background 21st Century Knowledge Society is going to be driven on the foundation of Information Infrastructure and ICT tools India is moving towards enablement with a great urge by : Aligning with global and technologies developments Identifying and addressing domestic problem and needs

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Knowledge Paradigm (Contd…)High Performance Computing (Petaflop by 2010 and beyond) Development, acquisition as well as creative use scaling up momentum Petabytes of storages and beyond From Remote Sensing Satellites, MST Radars & Global Scientific mission forums demanding tremendous storage High speed Networks (Terabits per second by 2010 and beyond) Key enabler to support engineering data and bandwidth intensive applications Grid Computing - supporting distributing computing, Problem solving environments and collaboration tools Already identified as an most important area and PoC Garuda under implementation by C-DAC

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Knowledge Paradigm (Contd…)Data Centre and Web Services Emergence of world class of telecom infrastructure and success of IT sector augurs well for a host of applications sector from Bio-informatics to E-governance Knowledge Management tools Host of with over 300 of Fortune 500 and all top Global ICT MNCs setting up development centers and increasingly positioning of research labs in India, as also BPO, KPO centers and VC funding, GRID Marketing and innovation is happening. Secure Cyber Infrastructure Demands for trusted and reliable infrastructure service is increasing. Multilingual Computing With 22 official languages touching over 90% of non-english speaking people Broadband and mobile wireless Fastest growing in India, permeating to villages

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Indian Economy is moving towards new era Driven by the service sectors Information/communication sector is leading the surge Reforms in the telecom sector and well established IT industry combined with Growing size of academia (increasing % of private) and one of largest network of R & D labs Gives new opportunites and begs opportunities for next generation – information infrastructure Strengthening links among local, national, regional, internatonal networks and applications Education and Research lab linkages needs strengtheningKnowledge Paradigm – Indian Context

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Presentation OutlineBackground Indian Initiatives ERNET IQNET PoC GARUDA International Participation Framework Opportunities & Expectations06-Sept-2005Presentation to Internet2 & Worldbank*

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Indian InitiativesNetworking, Grid Computing and applications/sectoral domains ERNET IQNET PoC GARUDA

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ERNET: Education & Research NetworkStarted as a collaborative initiative of 8 Premier Institutions (5 IITs, IISc, NCST, DOE) by Department of Electronics (Now Department of Information Technology), Government of India in 1986 with UNDP funding Research and development in computer networking Built campus LANs, established WAN (terrestrial and satellite) and first connection from India to Internet (UUNET) in February ’89.

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ERNET: Education & Research Network (Contd…)Today 13 Point of presence (POPs) at premier E&R institutions in the country. STM-1(155Mbps)Ready Fibre-Optic Backbone Satellite Hub in C-band (Bangalore) Beaming 3 Transponder of 36 MHz IP Multicasting Webcasting Channel for Distance Learning / Video Broadcasting Secure Infrastructure Intrusion Detection Server Firewall Intruder Alert Manager Gateway Antivirus Server Anti Spam Control Sniffer Lab dedicated to Network education and training.

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Internet connectivity being provided by ERNETUser Base 172 Universities (250-300) 245 R&D Institutions ( ≥ 500) 52 Engineering colleges (800) 251 Navodya and Govt Schools 274 ICAR Institutions 322 Other educational users/organizations. Installed Base 559 TDM/TDMA and 77 SCPC and DAMA VSATs 14 Radio Links and 173 Leased Lines.

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INTERNET connectivity under various schemesAICTE Net Connectivity to AICTE recognized colleges and regional centers. A total of 40 institutions connected. Very Large potential UGC Infonet MOU signed on 4th April 2003 152 universities connected over ERNET backbone.- Scalable network Multimedia capabilities for video conferencing and distance learning ICAR Net Network to be implemented in two phases. A total of 274 institutions have been connected. Network to support applications such as VOIP,IP,FAX, Video conferencing. NVS Net Connectivity provided by VSATS to: NVS Head quarters at New Delhi,100 schools have been

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ERNET - Geographical Distribution

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Univ. of JammuPanjab Univ. ChandigarhUniv. of Raj. Jaipur (TIFR,BARC) IUCAA PuneCAT IndoreIISC Banglore IIT ChennaiUniv. of HyderabadIOPKolkataIIT GuwahatiAMUMumbaiBhubaneshwarVECCIIT Kanpur(DU)DelhiUniversities / R&D Institutions proposed to be connected in Ist PhaseERNET PoPs34 Mbps IPLC Multi-Gigabit pan-European Research Network Connecting 32 European Countries and 28 NRENs Backbone capacity in the range of: 34Mb/s-10Gb/sATBECHCYCZHRHUIEILGRDEDKEEESFIFRAustriaGermanyBelgiumCyprusSwitzerlandCzech RepublicDenmarkEstoniaFinlandSpainGreeceFranceISITLTLULVMTNLNOPLPTROSESISKCroatiaHungaryIrelandIsraelIcelandItalyLithuaniaLuxembourgNetherlandsLatviaNorwayMaltaPolandPortugalRomaniaSwedenSloveniaSlovakiaTRUKUnited KingdomTurkeyERNET Backbone LinksAdditional Links Proposed

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ERNET

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ERNET : Future Directions Move from ISP activities to connectivity of Educational Institutions Vehicle for applications: Distance learning Digital library Educational Portal Grid Computing Research & Development QOS Test Bed 4G Mobile Support towards PoC Garuda and later GRID Main Phase

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IQNET : National QoS Test bed (2005-2007)Collaborative effort between C-DAC, ERNET, IITs (Madras, Bombay, Delhi & Kharagpur) QoS Test bed for experimenting with research ideas Research activities Measurement Initiative VoIP Initiative Policy based QoS Initiative Outcomes expected would include Providing QoS in the Internet Interplay with non QoS networked applications Control and Management of QoS in IP networks

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IQNET : Envisaged ConnectivityCreation of Local test beds connected to the QoS WAN Test bed QoS WAN Test bed will overlay on existing ERNET backbone QoS test bed traffic and regular ERNET traffic logically separated by running them over two separate VPNs

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IQNET : Research Areas in the QoS TestbedDevelopment and deployment of technologies and solutions for distance education Experiment to provide application QoS by providing priority, RSVP and IntServ architecture Non Co-operative and Co-operative Measurement and Characterization IP Telephony applications Protocol support for Mobile Wireless Endpoints

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IQNET : Applications Robotic control applications Distributed simulation and CAD conferencing Applications end point API support for QoS on IPv6 Telemedicine and Real Time guided clinical investigations Deployment of IPTV, H.323 and SIP based telephony and Content Delivery Network

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IQNET : Status Measurement Initiative : PingER (Ping End-to-End Reporting) Collaboration Associated with SLAC (Stanford University Linear Accelerator Centre) since May 06, 2004 Internet End-to-end Performance Measurement (IEPM) project to monitor end-to-end performance of Internet links Metrics Measured: response time (rtt(ms)) variability of the response time both short term (time scale of seconds) and longer, packet loss percentages and the lack of reachability; Content Distribution Initiative: Planet-lab Collaboration Experimentations explored MPLS for Linux is a open source effort to create a set of MPLS signaling protocols and an MPLS forwarding plane for the Linux operating system Simulation of MPLS using NS-2

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IQNET : Status (Contd…) Started as a remote node and enhanced to monitoring node (our’s is one of the 37 monitoring nodes across the globe) Monitoring 59 IPs across the globe Sends 100 and 1000 byte icmp packets periodically Statistics are stored at our location and reports are generated SLAC maintains the central database

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Indian Grid Computing InitiativeProof of Concept (PoC) GARUDA phase Precursor to the National Grid Computing Initiative (GRID Garuda) Project Duration of 12 months (April 2005 upto March 2006), starting with Networking Fabric in Collaboration with ERNET, India Major Deliverables Technology Development & Research in Grid Computing Nation-wide high-speed communication fabric Grid Resources Deployment of Select applications of National Importance Grid Strategic User Group Implemented by C-DAC

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About C-DAC - I10 Locations 14 Labs 2000 members

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High Performance Computing & Grid Computing Scientific & Engineering Applications Multilingual Computing, AAI, Speech Processing & Software Technologies, OSS, Multimedia ICT for masses Digital Broadband, Wireless Systems & Network Technologies e-Security Technologies and Services Power Electronics, Real-Time Systems & Embedded Systems, VLSI/ ANSI Design Geomatics, Health Informatics, e-Governance & Agri Electronics Education & Training & e-Learning Technologies & ServicesAbout C-DAC – II R&D areas

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Last Updated: 8th March 2018