Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking.ppt

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Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking Bert De Colvenaer, FCH JU Executive Director Yokohama, 19 October 2015*

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Sustainability H2 is a clean carrier of energy Transport and stationary applications, generate electricity and heat Storage of renewable energy sources Reduction of CO2 emissions Energy Security Increase independence from unstable outside regions Competitiveness research excellence leading to industry innovation and growthFuel Cells and Hydrogen technologies can contribute to :*Fuel Cell & Hydrogen technologies can contributes to*European Council conclusions of 23/10/2014

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Fuel cells technology is a key technology for Europe towards the 20-20-20 goal by 2020The FCH JU in the SET plan

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European Union represented by the European Commission Industry Grouping NEW-IG 80 membersResearch Grouping N.ERGHY 59 membersIndustry led Public Private Partnership

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Demonstration of high power electrolysers coupled to renewable energy sources Demonstration of integrated systems Demonstration of hydrogen production through concentrated solar energy Hydrogen Underground storageHydrogen production and storage in FCH 1 JU

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Demonstration of > 1000 residential micro-CHP units in 12 Member States (system efficiency > 95%) Demonstration of 3 industrial CHP projects >1,5 MW Demonstration of > 37 back-up power systemsStationary FC applications in FCH 1 JU

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Demonstration of > 260 hydrogen cars Installation of > 20 hydrogen refueling stations Demonstration of > 74 hydrogen buses Demonstration of > 400 hydrogen materials handling vehicles Demonstration of auxiliary power units for trucks, planes and maritime applications HyTransit3EMotionTransport in FCH 1 JU

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26 Cross-cutting projects Pre-normative research (11) Safety-related issues (3) Education (5) Socio-economic (4) Technology monitoring (1) LCA (2)*Cross Cutting projects in FCH 1 JU

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*(*) finishedCross Cutting projects in FCH 1 JU

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** finishedCross Cutting projects in FCH 1 JU

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*FCH 1 JU155 R&D D projects financed over 7 calls for proposal covering 5 application area’s total value of 900 M € with 545 participants of which 192 industries (35%) 154 SMEs (28%) 149 research organisations (27%) 20 higher education (4%) 30 other (6%) international cooperation outside EC Mature European FCH community : Strong, visible and coherent Consensus strategy (MAIP/AIP) Pre-competitive collaboration +15 projects under 1st call H2020

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1. Budget (EC contribution) : budget : 665 M € administration : 19 M € 7 calls : 2014 – 2020 + IG additional acitivities 2. Funding rates : 3. Funding distribution : *FCH 2 JU4. Objectives (transport & energy) reduce the (production) cost increasing the lifetime increase the efficiency demonstrate (large scale) hydrogen as RES integration and energy storage medium reduce ‘Critical raw materials’

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Hydrogen production and distribution Hydrogen storage for renewable energy integration Fuel cells for power and combined heat & power generation Road vehicles Non-road vehicles and machinery Refuelling infrastructure Maritime, rail and aviation applications “More emphasis on close to market activities”FCH 2 JU

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Industrial applicationsResidential CHPNatural gas, biogas, coal, biomassRenewable generation, storage and ‘buffering’Methanisation feed to natural gas gridTransportFeed to electricity gridReduction of production costs of long lifetime FC systems to be used in local transport applicationsIncrease of the electrical efficiency and durability of low cost FCs used for power productionIncrease the energy efficiency of low cost production of hydrogen from water electrolysis and renewable sourcesBy-product from Chemical IndustryLarge scale use hydrogen to support integration of renewable energy sources into the energy systems Reduce the use of critical raw materialsFCH 2 JU Project Activities

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*Grouping the existing H2Mobility initiatives will create the start of a European hydrogen networkFrance – a large private consortium has agreed a strategy based on a transition from captive fleets to nationwide infrastructure for FCEVs. Germany – 50 H2 stations by end of 2015 under the Clean Energy Partnership. Government and industry invest jointly over 40 M€. the H2Mobility project has already signed a “term sheet” linking six industrial players to deploy 100 stations by 2017 and 400 by 2023 for 350 M€. Scandinavia – An initial network provides coverage for FCEVs, which can be purchased at equivalent ownership cost. UK – a consortium with significant Government presence has agreed a strategy based on seeding a national network of 65 stations by 2020. 7.5M£ have been committed by the Government for 15 HRS by 2015. Advanced FCEV and HRS programsSimilar initiatives are starting or running in other countries: Austria , Belgium, Finland, Netherlands (plan to be published before the end of 2014), Switzerland.FCH cars and HRS under FCH 2 JU

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FC bus deployment costs analysis indicates financing gap/cost premiumTotal Servicing Cost development scenarios (EUR/km) *******************8.000 - 10,000 FC buses until 20251,500 FC buses until 2025FC BusDieselDeploying more buses earlier will support scale effects and cost reduction More locations as first-movers need to be mobilized TSC gap to the diesel bus expected to decrease to 11%, but can remain higher Synergies with fuel cell passenger car industry offer further significant cost reduction potential (not depicted here)Best case scenario : Lower hydrogen and financing costs and increased FC bus lifetime assumedTSC = Total Servicing Cost: TCO plus diesel bus replacement cost due to lower availability of FC busesBest scenarioScale scenarioNiche scenarioFCH Busses study*

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FCH Busses under FCH 2 JU *

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*Typically, distributed CHP is more efficient than central generation due to superior technologies and avoidance of transmission lossesμ-CHP FCH JU study

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*Fuel cell μCHPTo become economically competitive however, capital costs must be reduced substantially by increasing production volumesUse-case specific economic benchmarkingAt 100k units2)At 500 units2)**Today*District heating*Stirling CHP*ICE CHP*Ground heat pump*Air heat pump & PV*Air heat pump*Gas solar thermal*Gas*****1)1) Negative electricity cost reflect higher earnings from power feed-in than residual purchase of grid power. 2) Cumulative production volume per supplier.Fuel cell micro-CHP systemElectric capacity1 kWelThermal capacity1.45 kWthElectric efficiency36%Thermal efficiency52%System lifetime15 yearsRequired stack replacements Total annual energy costs [EUR]2μ-CHP under FCH 2 JU

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Purchase = F (Cost, Safety, Performance, …) Pro-active safety management Strong International Cooperation By Industry, Research and Government Continue swift and strong PNR & RCS activities On all Fuel Cell & Hydrogen related fields Reactive safety management FCH JU is your engaged partner for this. Conclusions*

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Thank you for your attention ! Further info : FCH JU : http://fch-ju.eu NEW-IG : http://www.new-ig.eu N.ERGHY : http://www.nerghy.eu*

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Last Updated: 8th March 2018

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