ADVANCED RADAR APPLICATIONS IN METEOROLGYNurgül Ertem
110000531 Radar in Meteorology Radar stands for Radio Detection and Ranging. It refers to the use of radio waves to detect objects and determine the distance (range) to the object.
Radars, however, will be our focus here. They have particularly become important in meteorology because of the following reasons.
(i) They can see through fog, cloud, rain and other types of atmospheric conditions which light cannot pass through.
(ii) They can observe many places in the sky almost simultaneously.
(iii) They can run continuously, often without operators being present (computer controlled).
(iv) They can operate during both day and night.
(v) The data from them can be easily stored to computer and then subjected to many types of sophisticated analysis.
(vi) Modern solid-state radars often need little maintenance, or replacement of parts, so the largest expense is often the setup costs.
(vii) Radars are not restricted to ground-level studies, and can often observe several kilometres upward into the atmosphere