Diagnostic Pathway Clinical Lab Tech

27 slides
8.49 MB
572 views

Similar Presentations

Presentation Transcript

1

Diagnostic Pathway Clinical Lab TechJulie Kenny CTSO Coordinator Department of Education jkenny@doe.k12.ga.us

2

COURSE DESCRIPTIONThe goal of this course is to provide fundamental clinical laboratory technician skills to include hematology, urinalysis, chemistry, microbiology, serology/immunology, immunohematology, and phlebotomy. The Clinical Laboratory Technician course is a prerequisite for Clinical Laboratory Internship. Students will also be introduced to forensic laboratory techniques, transplantation, and paternity testing. Students will receive information about careers in clinical laboratory science. Students will continue developing components of their Health Sciences Portfolios.  

3

HS-CLT-1. Students will explore careers and review instrumentation techniques, safety rules, and laboratory math skills. Safety OSHA Instrumentation Lab Math Skills Lab Glassware Clinical Lab Departments Clinical Lab Science Pathways Quality Control

4

LABCOATS

5
6

Uses For Colored Water Practice for filling microhematocrit capillary tubes Practice for pipetting General purpose fluidColored Water

7
8
9

Pipettes

10

PHLEBOTOMY HS-CLT-2. The student will be able to identify and perform basic phlebotomy procedures.

11

  Identify the phlebotomist’s role in the health care routine. Demonstrate knowledge of patient safety and patient rights. Use universal standard precautions and OSHA Standards to control the spread of infection. Identify the anatomic structure and function of body systems in relation to services performed by phlebotomists. Demonstrate specimen collection and integrity in the delivery of patient care. Identify blood collection supplies/equipment. Perform venipuncture and capillary puncture procedures.

12
13
14

CLINICAL PATHOLOGY DEPARTMENTS Students will collect and analyze blood and body fluids for diagnostic purposes in the areas of hematology, clinical chemistry, urinalysis, microbiology, serology/immunology, and immunohematology.  

15

  HS-CLT-3. Students will apply knowledge and skills in performing hematology procedures to produce accurate results and diagnosis. Describe structure and function of blood and its components. Complete microhematocrit determination. Perform RBC, WBC, and platelet counts. Perform hemoglobin determination. Make blood smear and perform differential leukocyte count. Describe or perform erythrocyte sedimentation rate. Calculate blood indices. Perform a reticulocyte count. Explain procedure for bleeding time. Identify normal and abnormal red blood cell, and white blood cell morphology. Compare and contrast diseases which may be diagnosed with blood tests.  

16
17

HS-CLT-4. Students will apply basic clinical chemistry techniques to perform medical lab tests. a. Perform serial dilutions to determine concentrations of unknowns. b. Describe routine chemical tests to include electrolyte, liver, and cardiac panels. c. Describe and relate normal and abnormal values to disease states. d. Demonstrate basic concepts and use of a spectrophotometer. e. Perform organic molecule identification tests (e.g., cholesterol, hemoglobin, etc.)

18
19

HS-CLT-5. The student will obtain, label, preserve, and process urine specimens for lab analysis results. Describe the different types of urine specimens, collection and labeling procedures, and identify their diagnostic uses. Explain the role of refrigeration and preservatives in accurate urinalysis. List the physical properties of urine to include color, odor, and transparency. Describe methods used to measure the specific gravity of urine. Perform basic chemical analysis of urine and specific back-up test for positive results. Demonstrate how to prepare a urine specimen for microscopic examination of sediment. Identify and quantify microscopic elements in urine sediment to include cells, casts, crystals, bacteria, and artifacts. Identify the normal and pathological ranges of chemical and microscopic elements in urine.

20
21
22

HS-CLT-6: The student will utilize clinical techniques in the identification of microbes. Perform aseptic techniques in accordance with OSHA standards. Perform plating and streaking techniques of specimens. Recognize isolation and incubation techniques. Describe types of media and their appropriate use. Perform Gram stains and identify bacterial morphology. Test for basic antibiotic resistance. Evaluate and analyze results to identify organisms. Identify isolates as pathogens or non-pathogens based on specimen sources. Model handling and disposal of biohazardous material. Describe basic concepts of parasitology and mycology (e.g., life cycle, identification techniques, and symptoms).  

23

HS-CLT-7: The student will understand the processes of serology/immunology tests. Understand the concepts of antigen and viral structure in the human antibody response. Perform and interpret a serological test. Research diseases that are diagnosed by serological testing.  

24

HS-CLT-8. Students will be able to understand and perform basic immunohematology laboratory procedures. Perform ABO and Rh blood typing. Describe and demonstrate the procedure for typing, screening, and crossmatching blood. Understand the criteria for selection of blood components for transfusion. Recognize American Association of Blood Banks (AABB) and FDA standards pertaining to transfusions. Identify donor blood screening, collection, and storage criteria. Solve antibody identification panel and select an appropriate blood component for a transfusion.

25

Blood

26

HS-CLT-9. Students will examine organ transplantation and paternity testing. Describe basic facts and organizations that support organ transplantation. Discuss bioethical issues associated with organ transplantation. Demonstrate how DNA (HLA) antigens are used for paternity and transplantation testing.

Browse More Presentations

Last Updated: 8th March 2018

Recommended PPTs