AN INTRODUCTION TO Behavior Based Safety (BBS)

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Dr. A. V. SinghAN INTRODUCTION TOBehavior Based Safety (BBS)

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Traditional Safety ManagementSafety Management System Features PPEEmergency ResponsePoliciesProceduresSafety RulesIncident Investigation Safety MeetingsAudits/InspectionsIndustrial HygieneTrainingSafety PermitsHazard RecognitionFire ProtectionEngineeringErgonomicsSafety IncentivesSHE StandardsSafety SurveysJob Safety AnalysisJSOPurpose: To reduce/eliminate injuries in the workplace. Limited effectiveness, why? Strong reliance on Antecedents

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Please think . . .How many of the above elements can be directly traced to injury elimination just at the moment the injury is about to occur ?Question: Are injuries totally eliminated?

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Injury Statistics . . .14 people die at work in US everyday 11,000 people suffer from disabling injury everydayQuestion: Are injuries totally eliminated?

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Injury Statistics . . . Year 2004 in US*5200 workplace fatalities 3.8 fatalities per 100,000 workers 3.9 million people suffer disabling injuries 6.1 injuries or illnesses per 100 workersQuestion: Are injuries totally eliminated?

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Injury Statistics . . . In INDIA124 people die at workplace everyday 46575 people are injured 32% contribution to global fatality at work 37% of global burden of occupational injuryQuestion: Are injuries totally eliminated?

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To Conclude . . .Good Safety Management systems exist Still workplace is injury prone & not safe Injury although declined, still persists

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Scientifically proven that . . .In 1951, Dr. Heinrich claimed that more than 90% of injuries were caused by UNSAFE ACTSDuPont proved by research that:

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DOE, US Govt. found out that . . .Personnel errors (Unsafe Acts) was present in 77% of incidents

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DuPont Research found that . . .30,000 Hazards (Unsafe Acts & Conditions)3,000 Near Miss / First Aid300 Non LTAs30 LTAs1 Fatal

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To Conclude . . .Eliminate Unsafe Acts / Conditions = Avoid Injuries & Accidents

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Unsafe Acts & Objectives of BBSUnsafe Acts is a behavioral process Also defined as “at risk” behavior Objective of BBS is to minimize “at risk” behavior at workplace

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Principles of BBSBehavior is the cause of accidentsConsequence motivate behaviorWhat gets measured, gets doneFeedback is essential to improvementQuality is built early in the processConversations change organizations

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Behavioral Safety ManagementSafety Management System Features PPEEmergency ResponsePoliciesProceduresSafety RulesIncident Investigation Safety MeetingsAudits/InspectionsIndustrial HygieneTrainingSafety PermitsHazard RecognitionFire ProtectionEngineeringErgonomicsSafety IncentivesOSHA StandardsSafety SurveysPurpose: To reduce/eliminate injuries in the workplace. Improvement: Adding Consequences But, Still limited effectiveness, why? Not integrated with other elementsJob Safety AnalysisBehavioral SafetyJSO

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Behavioral Safety ManagementTo be effective: Integrate the fundamental elements1 of BBS into the Safety Management System elements How? Identify (pinpoint) critical behaviors Define behaviors precisely to measure them reliably Implement mechanisms to determine current status Provide feedback Reinforce progress

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What is Behavior?Behavior is anything that a person says, does, thinks or feelsEg: Working at heights with safety beltsBehavior should be observable, specific

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What is Antecedent ?Anything that occurs before or during the behavior can be an antecedent for that behaviorB: Working at heights with safety beltsA: Painful Memory of past accidentIt is Antecedents that cause a certain types of behavior to happen

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What is Consequence ?Anything that occurs after a behaviorB: Working at heights with safety beltsA: Painful Memory of past accidentC: No more accidents

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The ABC of BBS ProgramA: Antecedents – cause of certain behaviorC: Consequence – outcome of a behaviorB: Behavior – what you see a person do

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What is BBS Program?Understand & Influence AntecedentsMinimize / eliminate workplace injuriesMake people behave safely, work safelyThis is Zero Injury Culture too . . .

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BBS vs. Zero InjuryZero Injury is the GOALBBS is the path to reach the GOAL

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How to Implement BBS ?7 Steps Process1. Identify Unsafe Acts in all your operations. Make a list of safe acts for these unsafe acts.2. Audit Unsafe Acts & Conditions. Report3. Measure no. of safe / unsafe acts. Know your scores4. Set Improvement Goals. Identify actions to achieve the goals. Implement Actions

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How to Implement BBS ?7 Steps Process5. Monitor actions implementation & trends of Unsafe Acts & conditions6. Continually improve performance7. Recognize performers & celebrate achievement

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Q: Why focus on behavior?ReactiveProactiveA: It’s the best way of measuring how well your system is working!Systems’ WeaknessesSerious InjuriesAt-Risk BehaviorsNon Serious InjuriesNear Misses

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Recall . . .

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Last Updated: 8th March 2018

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