Accountability Literacy Workshp

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Accountability Literacy Project Accountable leadership:  Mechanisms for empowering all stakeholders in health responses

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About AAI

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Define Accountability 1Working alone please write a definition of accountability in your own words 2 minutes

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Define Accountability 2Work with one colleague please write a joined definition of accountability 4 minutes

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Definition“[accountability is] the ability to sanction poor performance by rulers in an effort to improve it.”Amartya Sen.

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Each citizen, however ‘powerless’, is part of contract and has some power to hold govt accountable. Bill of Rights is part of the contract. Negative rights/Freedoms from (civil & political). Positive rights/Rights to (social, …). The contract is based not only on formal rules but also on the content of a political programme/manifesto.Acc & democratic governance

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Types of AccountabilityVertical Bottom-up, ‘citizen power’ Horizontal Checks and balances Executive/Legislative/Judicial Top-down Government control over bureaucracy Implications of glocal: Global obligation to hold local leaders accountable Consider: CSO & Donor Accountability?

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Accountability mechanismsLoss of political support Electoral Critical public opinion Peer review Constitutional obstruction Legislative criticism Judicial orders Political campaigning Media criticism Civil activism Donors

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What accountability is not...Monitoring and evaluation = M&E is a means of increasing acc. Acc can exist where no M&E is being done. Acc can be the reason why M&E gets done. Governance = Acc is one aspect of good governance. Add acc, transparency, good M&E, budget management etc and we have some of the ingredients for good governance. Accounting = + + +

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AAI Basic StrategyAAI believes that strong and accountable leadership is necessary to ensure effective responses to HIV and related health challenges. We do this by increasing transparency, promoting dialogue and supporting action to improve the response. Needs-driven, evidence-based research and advocacy that measures performance against the commitments that have been made by govts.

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Increases reporting of data and transparency Increased political commitment Response based on facts not guesses Better identification of regional best practice Easy, accessible and powerful advocacy tool Can’t argue with the figures: Facts! Improves process: Civil society and govt can work together to get data, sharing knowledge Guides CSOs and donors response to improve their own work Greater ownership of the processUsing data for advocacy

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Getting accountability40 minutes 4 groups: Civil society - govt - funders - citizens Name all the people/organisations that you can/should hold accountable and the mechanisms available to you to do this. Example: 1. Govt: elections, constitutional court orders... 2. Multi-lateral aid agencies: political campaigning, ...

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Personalising accountabilityCircle of personal accountabilityFifth Circle: ?Fourth Circle: My partner?Third Circle: ?Second Circle: My children?First Circle: ?Answer this on a piece of paper: What does it mean to you to be personally accountable? How can failing to accept personal accountability cause negative consequences?

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AAI Accountability ToolsExisting tools: Country Scorecard, Scorecard on Women, LGBT Scorecard, Business Rating, Maputo SRHR Project (beyond HIV to SRHR)

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Contact Details Phillipa Tucker Senior Researcher South Africa Rating Centre Plein Park Building 68-83 Plein St, Cape Town South Africa, 8001 Tel: +27 (0) 21 466 80 74 +27 (0)82 225 1598 Email: phillipa [at] aidsaccountability.orgWeb: www.aidsaccountability.org

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Last Updated: 8th March 2018